Gangamai Hospital has been one of the first hospital to perform Minimally Invasive Surgery. For many years, traditional spinal surgery has usually involved making a large incision up and down the middle of the back, and spreading apart (or retracting) the back muscles to access the spine. This is commonly referred to as an "open" technique. One of the advantages of open techniques is that the large incision provides the surgeon with easy access to the spinal anatomy. The downside of "open" spine surgery is that the muscle retraction damages the spinal muscles and can cause significant post-operative pain. In addition, such surgery results in significant blood loss, a large scar and relatively long recovery times.
While in many instances "open" techniques are still preferred, more and more conditions are now being surgically treated using new techniques called minimally invasive (or minimal access) spine surgery. Doctors and staff at the Gangamai Hospital for Spinal Disorders are well trained in these new spine surgery techniques, and offer minimally invasive spine surgery as an alternative to open surgical techniques.
As the name suggests, minimally invasive spine surgery allows the surgeon to make smaller incisions in the skin and avoid large muscle retraction. In certain situations, the surgeon uses a thin telescope-like instrument, called an endoscope, which is inserted through a small incision. A tiny video camera and light are connected to the endoscope and send images from inside the body to a screen in the operating room. Small tubes are then inserted through other small incisions. Special surgical instruments are inserted through these tubes and used to perform the surgical procedure.
Minimally invasive spine surgery generally results in the same surgical outcome as with more traditional techniques. However, there are a number of advantages to minimally invasive techniques, including:
Procedures for neurosurgery Spine