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Department of Radiology

Among the many recent developments in medicine, perhaps the most spectacular have been in imaging. The contemporary practice of surgery is heavily reliant on imaging for the diagnosis, screening and staging of disease, for predicting respectability, for detecting complications and - increasingly - for therapeutic interventions such as abscess drainage and vascular stenting. Current imaging modalities provide accurate anatomical localization and de?nition, which has extended surgical resection options into new areas.

Today, radiology is moving forwards rapidly, both in terms of technological advances and in the ability of the radiologist to provide a therapeutic service, the latter often in place of the surgeon.

Our Facilities:

The Radiology Department of Gangamai Hospital offers a comprehensive range of imaging services and advanced procedures to diagnose a wide variety of conditions.

Our radiology specialists have expertise in virtually every imaging area, including:

  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • USG
  • 2D ECO
  • Color Doppler

The department is chaired by one of the leading radiologist Dr. Shriganesh Patil. He is ably supported by an experience team.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) :

Inpatient MRI services are available 24/7 with in-house technologists. 0.3T MRI system is utilized to obtain a large variety of neurological, vascular, and musculoskeletal exams.

In 2013, Gangamai Hospital installed first clinical 0.3T MRI system at the Radiology Department.

MRI is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to visualize detailed internal structures.It is essential to conduct research prior to the processing of the MRI in case of claustrophobia, clips, pacemaker and other engines sensitive to magnetic fields.

Hardware does not mean an MRI cannot be conducted but it might damage the quality of images because of artifacts.

We often avoid MRIs on pregnant women.

The patient is placed in a mini-tunnel where there is a magnetic field. The process usually takes 25 to 45 minutes according to the pathology to be treated.

The tunnel which produces the magnetic field can be of variable size: depending on the organ to look at, only limited areas of the body can be positioned within that tunnel.

This examination is particularly useful to analyze joints and soft tissue (tendons, nerves, synovial joint�) and the search/evaluation of soft tissue tumors.

A few further points:

  • MRI usually provides more information than CT about intracranial, head and neck, spinal and musculoskeletal disorders because of high contrast sensitivity and multiplanar imaging capability. This helps to establish the diagnosis and institute appropriate management with greater confidence. It is increasingly being used in oncology.

Computed Tomography (CT- SCAN) :

The CT-scan is able to visualize all the hidden elements that are difficult to access with radiographies or ultra-sounds.

It enables to search for fractures and check their healing.

It is particularly useful to analyze the bone. It can be done with a cast.

The standard examination can be done in every circumstance, provided the patient can be immobile on the table for about 10 seconds.

Food and fluid intake do not need to be restricted, unless it is a specific exploration.

CT is based on the fact that X-ray absorption is proportional to the density of the structures they go through to obtain a density profile of a body slice (transverse or axial cut). The patient is installed on a table moving horizontally inside a ring (this ring generates a fan beam).

This slice information (raw data) is buffered in the computer, which then reconstructs an image composed of pixels after complex calculations.

A few further points:

  • CT remains the optimal investigation for many clinical problems within the chest and abdomen, despite the radiation risks.
  • CT is still widely used for intracranial problems, especially CVA and trauma.
  • CT remains a simple method of staging many malignant diseases (e.g. lymphoma) and in monitoring the response to therapy.
  • CT provides valuable pre-operative information about complex masses and is widely used for post-operative complications.
  • CT allows accurate guidance for drainage procedures, biopsies and anesthetic nerve blocks.
  • CT has an important role in trauma.
  • CT images may be degraded by prostheses, fixation devices, etc.

Ultrasonography :

Medical sonography (ultrasonography) is an ultrasound-based diagnostic medical imaging technique used to visualize muscles, tendons, ligaments and peripheral nerves to capture their size, structure and any pathological lesions (this is considering a standard radiography has been carried out beforehand). A probe enables their emission and reception, and an IT system transforms the delay between the reception and emission of the ultrasound into an image.

This exam is pain free, danger-free and can be repeated a number of times.

The measures and quality of the images depend a lot on the competencies of the doctor.

The examination lasts between 10 and 15 minutes.